Sunday, June 8, 2008

Australian rules football

football sport is distinctive, Australia, that before any other modern football matches as the first to create a formal code to play. Keksittiin Melbourne, the capital of the State of Victoria, the late 1850s, the game was originally called the Melbourne, or the Victorian, the rules of football and was the amalgam of different football rules that were in use English public (independent) schools. Although the Australian football is one of a number of football sport is played today, Australia, the national professional Australian Football League (formerly known as the Victorian Football League), is the country's most popular sport in terms of competition, attendance and television viewing.

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History of the game> Origins

Melbourne was the nascent city was built on the wealth, the 1850s Gold Rush by the Australian football the first time in 1858. As in other areas of British settlement during the 19th century, cricket become a priority during the summer sport. Concerned about the off-season fitness, cricketer Thomas Wentworth Wills (1835-80), who was born in Australia but educated at Rugby School England-where he captained, the cricket team and excellence in football believed that a football club should be formed to his teammates fit during the winter. Melbourne Cricket Club agreed with the proposal Wills, and since there were no standardized football codes at the time, appointed a committee to draw up the rules. Melbourne and Geelong football clubs was founded in 1858 and 1859, and are two of the oldest football clubs in the world. The agreed rules, which the Committee on May 17, 1859, was a compromise between them is a series of English in public schools, particularly in Winchester, Harrow, and Rugby. The players were dealt with the ball, but did not push beyond what is necessary to open it. In 1866 H.C.A. Harrison (1836-1929), the cousin of Wills, rewrote the rules. These rules, there is no limit on the number of players, even though the 1880-first century, the 20 men Friday the team became the standard.

Concerned about the possibility of injury on the hard Australian grounds, the players were reluctant to commit themselves to combat it and hacking (kicking or tripping an opponent's) rules of the Rugby School game, and hacking is prohibited. Distinctive aspects of Australian football quickly appeared. As soon as the provision was made that the players who have been invited to, or "marked" the ball cleanly in the air were given a free kick. Players may also retain possession of the ball, while running, but after some of the dispute was agreed in 1865 that the player with the ball had to bounce it out of turf at least every 10 meters (33 feet). Most are essential, and in contrast to those of other sport of football, there was no offside rule, which meant that the players of each team were behind and in front of the ball during play. By 1874 players are no longer placed by making the ball between the goal posts, but the result has been kicking the ball through them.

Australian football also developed a unique series of objectives, which are composed of two major objectives accompanied by two shorter "in the back," posts. The centre bounce umpires used to start games and restart the game after the goal had been launched in 1891 and is also still a unique Australian football. Goal umpires were first mentioned in 1874-the accounts of the game. The practice, with the objective article's waving a flag to signal the objective began to Tasmania in 1884 and adopted in Victoria in 1886.

The game expanded rapidly in 1870 and the'80s. In the'70s, the matches between Melbourne and Carlton football clubs attracted as many as 10000 spectators, who at the time, watched for free. Spectators are often encroached on the surface of gambling, and this led to the enclosure criteria for ease of play. The first facility was built in particular, the Australian football to use appeared in 1876 on land leased by Carlton, Melbourne University. The first Carlton-Melbourne game on the ground has attracted 5000 spectators. By the mid-'80s crowds approaching 34000 were in the match between the leading clubs.

May 7, 1877, representatives of the Albert Park, Carlton, East Melbourne, Essendon, Geelong, Hotham, Melbourne, St Kilda football clubs met in a Victorian Football Association (VFA) "the promotion and expansion of football throughout the colony" and the organization of intercolonial matches. In 1870 more than 125 clubs appeared in Melbourne, and the other 60 senior clubs to set up the rest of Victoria. A regular schedule of matches has been developed; additional grounds had been fenced, and the VFA clubs will be able to charge admission.

The game continued to spread throughout the colonies. In 1877 the South Australian Football Association is formed. Tasmania accepted rules of VFA in 1882, and in 1885 the Western Australian Football Association has been set up. Despite these achievements, the game struggled to gain a foothold in edit parts of Australia. The first game was held in Sydney in 1877, but the Rugby, the imperial connections, was popular in the 1890s. A similar process took place in Queensland and New Zealand. The great distances that separated colonies and the capitals meant that the regular competition between clubs in different areas, it was not possible, and in fact, the first is participation in inter-team Victorian main competition did not occur until 1982. However, because of road games between the Victorian teams were often only a tram ride away, many of the fans can go to all of their team's games, which is given for the period at low cost.

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